Working Group 2

Asia Pacific Biodiversity Observation Network (APBON)

“Planning in-situ and satellite observation network of biodiversity and ecosystems”

Since its foundation in 2009, APBON has been developed as a coordinated network contributing to CBD and IPBES through the observations of the states and trends of biodiversity and ecosystems in the Asia-Pacific region. APBON is promoting network activities on observations, data sharing and publications including three volumes of ‘APBON books’ (Springer). In the 9th GEOSS Asia Pacific Symposium held in Tokyo, January 2017, this WG shared the knowledge of achievements, on-going observations and capacity building activities in the region. As the output of the WG discussion we have achieved following statement in the “Tokyo Statement” as our next steps: “APBON will promote data sharing to increase access to biodiversity related information and the effective monitoring systems of biodiversity and ecosystems. Gaps in available information will be addressed by improving collaboration among researchers in observation sites, designing incentives for data publications and deriving solutions to relevant science questions. APBON sees the need to improve communication and collaboration among biodiversity and ecosystem observation networks, to identify more national, thematic and regional networks and to reach out to other parts of Asia and the Pacific...”. In order to foster our integrated observations and analyses of status and functions of biodiversity and ecosystems, and also to link APBON activities with broader Earth Observations involved in the GEO community, this working group will (1) share the current status of thematic and geographical coverage of biodiversity, phenology and ecosystem research sites (plots), (ii) plan mechanisms for data and knowledge delivery to Earth Observation community by inter-operable data system such as GEOSS portal and DIAS, and (iii) build the ‘Super-site’ concept for integrated biodiversity and ecosystem observations by in-situ and satellite systems. In addition to these discussions on disciplinary and inter-disciplinary observation plans, we would also like to discuss how can the biodiversity and ecosystem observations help our society to achieve the Sustainable Developmental Goals through the transdisciplinary processes of co-design and co-production with stakeholders.

Tetsukazu Yahara (Kyusyu University, Japan)
Sheila Vergara (ASEAN Center for Biodiversity, Philippines)
Ha Quy Quynh (VAST, Vietnam)
Qinhuo Liu (CAS, China)

Working group co-organizers:
Eun-Shik Kim (Kookmin University, Korea)
Reiichiro Ishi (RIHN, Japan)
Tohru Nakashizuka (RIHN, Tohoku University, Japan)
Hiroyuki Muraoka (Gifu University, Japan)

9:15-9:35 Welcome and Introduction [20 minutes]
Opening remarks

(WG co-chairs)
(AP-BON Secretariat, Hisashi Kawagoe, Ministry of the Environment, Japan)
9:35-10:55 Session 1: Update and new plans of regional and national BON activities [80 minutes] (Chair: T. Yahara)
Update of activities and link to SDGs (referring to the agenda) (10 min, each)
Vietnam (Ha Quy Quynh, VAST, Vietnam)
China (Xuehong Xu, CAS, China)
Japan (Reiichiro Ishi, RIHN, Japan)
Korea (Eun-Shik Kim, Kookmin University, Korea)
Nepal (Mangal Man Shakya, Wildlife Watch Group, Nepal)
ASEAN (Sheila Vergara, ACB, Philippines)
11:00-12:00 Session 2: Thematic and strategic issues of biodiversity and ecosystem observations [60 minutes] (Chair: E. -S. Kim)
Findings, lessons learned and initiating activities.
Challenges in connecting EO to SDGs (Hiroyuki Muraoka, Gifu University)
The Philippine contribution to the Biodiversity Observation Network (PhilBON): The Palanan permanent forest dynamics plot, lessons learned & opportunities. (Perry Ong, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines)
Quarter-century monitoring of seedfall and tree growth in a forest dynamics plot, northern Japan (Kazuhiko Hoshizaki, Akita Prefectural University, Japan)
How to link multiple super sites for integration of satellite and ground observations -from the view point of plant phenology- (Shin Nagai, JAMSTEC, Japan)
12:00-13:00 Lunch (VAST's cafereria, 3rd floor, A21 Building)  
13:00-14:00 Session 2: (continued, 60 minutes) (Chair: H. Q. Quynh)
A new phase for Australia's Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network: a continental observatory for environmental change and management (Nicole Thurgate, University of Adelaide, Australia)
Anticipating the impacts of hydropower dams in the Mekong River by a freshwater fish observation network (Yuichi Kano, Kyusyu University, Japan)
The activities and plans contributing to AOGEOSS Task 7 (Qinhuo Liu, CAS, China)
Ecosystem condition and variation monitoring for AO region (Jing LI, from the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Discussions for Session 2
14:00-15:10 Session 3: Connecting observations to approach SDGs [70 minutes] (Chair: H. Muraoka)
Which targets do we focus on (14 and 15, and I, 3, 13)? How do we approach? Indicators by observations/modeling? (15 min, each)
Integration of in-situ biodiversity observation and modeling to mitigate climate change impacts and to enhance biodiversity conservation (SDG goals 13 & 15) (Yongyut Trisurat, Kasetsart University, Thailand)
Rural developments and Sustainable Monitoring of ecosystems in coastal zones (Satoshi Ishikawa, RIHN, Japan)
Biodiversity and ecosystem services for local indigenous people: Lessons from a case study in rural area in Sarawak, Malaysia (Yayoi Takeuchi, NIES, Japan)
Assessing ecosystem services in Asian region by using biodiversity observation data (Tohru Nakashizuka, RIHN/Tohoku University, Japan)
Discussions for Session 3
15:10-15:30 Break  
15:30-16:30 Session 4: Building / connecting databases [40 minutes] (Chair: Q. Liu)
Data and knowledge sharing with, and delivering to the communities.
ILTER-DEIMS and GEOSS (Hiroyuki Muraoka, Gifu University, Japan)
GBIF and ACB (Sheila Vergara, ACB, Philippines)
National Survey on the Natural Environment of Japan (Yusuke Saito, Ministry of the Environment, Japan)
SE Asian Plant Diversity Assessment Network (Tetsukazu Yahara, Meng Zhang, Ngọc Nguyễn, Bình Hoàng Thị, Kyushu University, Japan)
Discussions for Session 4
16:30-17:30 Session 5: Toward the next decade of APBON [60 minutes] (Chair: S. Vergara)
Introduction (outlook of the 1st decade of APBON, recent needs, challenges)
Tetsukazu Yahara (Kyusyu University, Japan)
Qinhuo Liu (CAS, China)

Breakout discussions [30 minutes]
[potential topics] (i) Climate change and biodiversity/ecosystem changes (phenology), and their impacts on ecosystem functions and services; (ii) Super-site as the methodology; (iii) data and information flow;(iv) contributions to SDGs
Consolidation of ideas and planning the potential structure [20 minutes]

17:30 Closing remarks  
17:45 Preparation of WG outcome report
Co-chairs and co-organizers