To encourage the passion of studying and researching in the field of space technology for young generation, Vietnam National Satellite Center (VNSC)- Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) organized a Talk-show “Space development history and dream of Vietnam” presided by Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu on June 21st in Hanoi.
At the beginning of the talk-show, mentioning about development history, Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu shared: in 1978, a delegation of Vietnam Government and Communist Party led by General Secretary – Mr. Le Duan paid a visit to Soviet Union to sign the Comprehensive Co-operation Agreement between Soviet and Vietnam. During the meeting, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union – Mr. Leonid Bregnhiev proposed to General Secretary Le Duan to invite Vietnam to join Intercosmos Program – a research cooperation Program for the use of outer space for peaceful purposes of social countries, presided by the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu interacting with the audiences
“To implement that initiative, Vietnamese Government assigned Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology to participate in the Intercosmos Program and established the Space Research Committee chaired by Academic Tran Dai Nghia as the President. I was nominated by the Government as Vice President of the Committee. Within the framework of the 1980 Intercosmos Program, Vietnamese cosmonaut flew into space with the Soviet cosmonaut. To organize a space flight between Soviet – Vietnam, the Government decided to establish the Soviet-Vietnam Space Flight Steering Committee headed by Deputy Prime Minister Vo Nguyen Giap. The steering committee consisted of two Deputy Heads, Deputy Minister of National Defense – Mr. Vu Xuan Chiem was in charge of the space pilot recruitment and training, I was nominated by General Vo Nguyen Giap to be the Deputy Head being in charge of conducting experiments which space pilots would implement in the space ship” recalled Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu.
In the scientific program of the Soviet-Vietnam space flight, the most important experiment was the multi-spectral photography of Vietnam territory by the 6-channel multi-spectral camera MKF-6 of the Democratic Republic of Germany when the ship flying in the territory of Vietnam. Space pilot Pham Tuan was the man who photographed Vietnam picture using the multi-spectral camera MKF-6. To determine the effect of atmosphere layer and to find the correct interpretation process of MKF-6 images on a spaceship, three experiments should be carried out at the same time: spaceship, airplane, and field research on the ground. Military Geodesy and Cartography Department was assigned to implement multi-spectral photography by MKF-6 cameras in aircraft. Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology was responsible to conduct ground-based investigations in areas which were simultaneously photographed from space and from aircraft. Based on collating images from space, airplanes and field research, scientists from the Soviet Union, Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Germany established a photographic interpretation process taken by MKF-6 camera.
After the Soviet-Vietnam space flight in 1980, a new field of science and technology – remote sensing has been formed and developed in our country for 37 years. Nowadays, it has achieved very high scientific level and has been widely spread throughout the country.
The scene of Talk-show “Development history and Space dream of Vietnam”
Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu also shared the dream of future space technology of Vietnam. He asserted that space technology is an advanced technology field, playing a very important role in the economic development and national defense. Vietnamese Government has paid great attention to the development of space technology. Since 2010, it has decided to work with EADS Astrium SAS Group (France) to manufacture and launch satellite VNREDSat-1 observing natural resources, environment and natural disasters. In 2013, VNREDSat-1 has been launched into orbit. After VNREDSat-1 expires, Vietnam will continue launching the VNRED-Sat1b. At the same time of launching VNRED-Sat1 and VNRED-Sat1b, the Government has decided to cooperate with Japan to invest in the Vietnam Space Center which is expected to become the most modern space center in Southeast Asia after 2020.
“The young people I meet today will be young talented scientists who are fortunate enough to be directly involved in the construction of the Vietnam Space Center or to use the satellite images effectively provided by the Vietnam Space Center in order to develop space technology of Vietnam to reach the world level, fulfill the wonderful wishes of Uncle Ho in the letter sent to all students in the first school day of independent Vietnam”, Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu expressed expectations of young people.
Associate Prof. Dr. Pham Anh Tuan, Director of VNSC thanked Academic Prof. Nguyen Van Hieu for attending the Talk-show
Also within the event, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pham Anh Tuan, Director of VNSC has updated information about the status of the Vietnam Space Center project and the events of the second half of 2017, such as: Cansat 2017; Signing ODA packages with Japanese bidders within the framework of the Vietnam Space Center (July 2017); Opening Nha Trang Observatory (August, 2017); Host the 10th Asia-Pacific Conference of Group on Earth Observation Systems to provide researchers, engineers and students from the Asia-Pacific region – a forum for information exchange and collaborative discussion on specific initiatives and science activities in various topics. In particular, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pham Anh Tuan also announced that Vietnam National Satellite Center will be renamed to Vietnam National Space Center in July 17th, 2017, pursuant to Decision No. 1035/QD-VHL dated on June 19th, 2017 by the President of Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology.